In a new interview on Monday, Dr. Anthony Fauci doubled down on his previous claim that anyone who attacks him is “actually criticizing science.”

While appearing on The New York Times podcast Sway, Fauci tried to explain his long history on flip-flopping when it comes to things like the use of masks. For example, though he called for masks to be worn throughout the COVID-19 pandemic and even wanted double masks at times, he privately dismissed the need basic drug store masks in a February 2020 email to former U.S. Health and Human Services Secretary Sylvia Burwell.

“Masks are really for infected people to prevent them from spreading infection to people who are not infected rather than protecting uninfected people from acquiring infections,” Fauci wrote in the email. “The typical mask you buy in the drug store is not really effective in keeping out virus, which is small enough to pass through the material.”

“It might, however, provide some slight benefit in keep out gross droplets if someone coughs or sneezes on you,” he added. “I do not recommend that you wear a mask, particularly since you are going to a vey [sic] low risk location. Your instincts are correct, money is best spent on medical countermeasures such as diagnostics and vaccines.”

In his new interview today, Fauci defended himself by claiming that he flip flopped on this because the data changed.

“What did we learn in the subsequent month or two when I changed and said, everybody should wear a mask? A, there was no shortage because we found out that cloth masks actually work,” he said. “Number two, analyses that were published that showed, for the first time, that guess what? Outside of the hospital setting, masks actually work to protect you and to prevent you from spreading. And three, we learned to our horror that about 50% of the infections were being transmitted by people who didn’t even know they were infected.”

“So that is the reason why I changed my mind,” Fauci added. “So the people who are giving the ad hominems are saying, ah, Fauci misled us. First, he said no masks, then he said masks. Well, let me give you a flash. That’s the way science works. You work with the data you have at the time. It is essential as a scientist that you evolve your opinion and your recommendations based on the data, as it evolves. That is the nature of science. It is a self-correcting process.

“And that’s the reason why I say people who then criticize me about that are actually criticizing science,” he concluded. “It was not a change because I felt like flip flopping. It was a change because the evidence changed. The data changed.”