A “psychic reader” near our church has a sign telling what bell to ring for her to open the door. If I ever have the chance, I shall ask why, if she has psychic abilities, does she need a doorbell?

Superstition is a sin against holy religion — and one can look for meaning in numbers to the point of excess, which is one form of superstition. But God’s historical involvement with us seems intertwined with certain numerical configurations that can be hard to ignore. Foremost among them, of course, is the number seven — but there is also 40.

“Perfect love casts out fear.”

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In simple physics, negative 40 corresponds on the Fahrenheit and Celsius scales, but that is only a curiosity. In Sacred Writ, however, it rained for 40 days during the flood, spies scouted Israel for 40 days, the Hebrews wandered for 40 years, the life of Moses divided into three segments of 40 years — and three times he spent 40 days on Mount Sinai. Goliath also challenged the Israelites twice a day for 40 days.

Some of that might be swept aside, but then Jesus spent 40 days in the wilderness of Judea, and walked among men for 40 days between his Resurrection and Ascension. It is perhaps obtuse to ignore that.

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The number 40 has something to do with fear. There are two kinds of fear: servile, which is fear of the unknown, and holy, which is the awe instilled by the Holy Spirit. Servile fear may be legitimate, though it can also be irrational. It is reasonable to fear poisonous spiders, but it is irrational to fear all spiders all the time.

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The ancient Greeks were better psychologists than the less introspective Romans, and so they gave us the term “phobia” for irrational fear. Today, however, ignorant people slur anyone with a rational aversion to false religion or to perversion as “phobic.”

But if Roman culture lacked the psychological sophistication of the Greeks, it was precise about social realities, and Latin has words for different kinds of fear: metus, terror, timor, pavor, formido, trepidatio — and that more subtle form of fear suffered by sensitive people expecting the worst: praetimeo.

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Jesus knew these temptations without succumbing to them. He knew them so well that He sweated actual blood. He warned against irrational fear as sternly as He urged holy fear: We should fear no harm to our bodies as much as we should fear eternal destruction in Hell (Luke 12:5, Matthew 10:28). In his glorious resurrection He forbade fear, and the Beloved Apostle took up this theme: “Perfect love casts out fear” (1 John 4:18).

In one of P.G. Wodehouse’s books, Jeeves quotes Psalm 30 to the amiable dunce Bertie Wooster: “Weeping may endure for a night, but joy cometh in the morning.” For those perplexed by fears worse than the ones Bertie Wooster suffered, that is what the splendid 40 days of Lent are about.

Fr. George William Rutler is a Catholic priest and the pastor of the Church of St. Michael in Manhattan. This article originally appeared in his parish church bulletin and is used by permission.